Cracking the PhD in Food Science & Technology: Essential Entrance Exams for Biotechnology Master’s Graduates in India

As a biotechnology master’s graduate in India, you may be considering furthering your studies with a PhD in Food Science and Technology. This field is a multidisciplinary study that combines the knowledge of biology, chemistry, and engineering to develop new food products and improve the quality of existing ones. However, to gain admission into a PhD program in this field, you will need to pass certain entrance exams. This article will guide you through the essential entrance exams you need to prepare for to crack a PhD in Food Science and Technology in India.

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is one of the most important entrance exams for postgraduate studies in India. It is conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). The GATE score is used for admissions to various post-graduate programs (e.g., M.E., M.Tech, direct Ph.D.) in Indian higher education institutes with financial assistance provided by MHRD and other government agencies. The exam tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science.

UGC National Eligibility Test (NET)

The UGC National Eligibility Test (NET) is another crucial exam for those aspiring to pursue a PhD in Food Science and Technology. Conducted by the National Testing Agency on behalf of the University Grants Commission, the UGC NET exam is designed to determine eligibility for college and university level lectureship and for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals. It aims to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in teaching professions and research.


The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), in collaboration with UGC, conducts the Joint CSIR-UGC NET for Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, and Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean & Planetary Sciences for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) NET and for determining eligibility for appointment as Lecturer (NET) in certain subject areas falling under the faculty of Science & Technology.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) AIEEA-PG

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) conducts the All India Entrance Examination for Admission (AIEEA) to Master’s degree programs in agriculture and allied sciences, including Food Science and Technology, at Agricultural Universities. ICAR AIEEA-PG is a national level exam and offers admissions in 25% seats in Master’s degree programmes of Agricultural Universities and 100% seats of ICAR Deemed-to-be-Universities.

In conclusion, cracking a PhD in Food Science and Technology in India requires thorough preparation for the GATE, UGC NET, Joint CSIR-UGC NET, and ICAR AIEEA-PG exams. These exams will test your knowledge and understanding of various subjects in science and engineering, and your ability to apply this knowledge in a research or teaching setting.